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Passover Lamb – Messiah – Jesus

April 10, 2020

Passover Lamb – Messiah – Jesus

How was the first Passover Lamb prepared in Egypt, in Exodus 12:3-11

On the 10th day of Nissan, take a lamb or a goat from the herd, and keep it separate from the others. On the 14th day of the same month you shall kill it. The the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight. They shall take some of the blood and put it on the doors posts and on the cross member, in which they eat it. They shall eat the flesh the same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire, both its head and its legs and entrails. You shall not have any left over until morning, if there is any left till morning, you shall burn it with fire. Now you shall eat it in this manner: “with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff on your hand; and you shall eat in haste– it is the Lord’s Passover.” They must be ready to go in an instant.

This Passover is to celebrate the miracles of God, and what it took to get Pharaoh to let the Hebrews go. Leaving Egypt and gaining freedom from the repressive Egptians from their forced labor in making bricks for building new cities in Egypt. They had been in Egypt for 430 years, when Jacob and his family, 70 people, sons, wives, children to save them from famine. Abraham was promised by God a land, and from his descendants after him a great nation would come forth from him. This is the start of the fulfillment of that promise to Abraham. The other purpose of this Passover was the Start of the nation of Israel, that God claimed them for His own people, and He would be their God and protector, if they followed Him in obedience. Leviticus 26:3

Paschal refers to the Jewish holiday of the Feast of Unleavened bread. This feast, the celebration of God bringing Israel out of Egypt from the land of bondage. When the Passover lamb was killed, the blood of the lamb was to be spread on the porch posts and cross member so when the Angel of death went through the land of Egypt, He would see the blood and pass over the house. The house that did not have the blood on the posts, the angel of death would kill the first born of the children, flocks, cattle, beast, etc. The Feast of Unleavened Bread, Passover was an annual holiday, not the weekly Sabbath.
The weekly sabbath runs from sun down Friday, to sundown Saturday. To Israel, their new day started at sundown. It is a weekly event. There were three national holidays, they are like our national holidays, it advances 1 day each year, so Passover was on a different days each year, until it starts over again.

Feast of Unleavened Bread. This is Passover. Where God had liberated them from Egypt. Feast of first Fruits. Celebration of gathering of their fruits and vegetables. Feast of the Harvest. This is the celebration of the grain harvests.

Little History

“The sacrificial animal, which was either a lamb or a kid, was necessarily a male, one year old sacrifice that the killing might take place with the proper intentions. Only those who were circumcised and clean before the Law might participate; and they were forbidden to have unleavened food for in their possession during the act of killing the paschal lamb. The animal was slain on the eve of the Passover, on the afternoon of the 14th of Nissan, after the Timid sacrifice had been killed, i.e., at three o’clock pm, or, in the eve of the Passover fell on a Friday, at two pm. (The priests wanted to make sure there was enough time that the sacrifice could be done by sundown before the Sabbath started). The killing took place in the court of the Temple, and might be performed by layman, although the blood had to be caught by a priest, and rows of priests with gold or silver cups in their hands stood in line from the Temple court to the alter, where the blood was sprinkled. These cups were rounded on the bottom, so that they could not be set down; for in that case the blood might coagulate. The priest who caught the blood as it dropped from the victim, then handed the cup to another priest next to him, receiving from him another empty one, and the full cup was passed along the line intil it reached the last priest, who sprinkled its contents on the alter. The lamb was then hung upon special hooks or sticks and skinned; but if the eve of the Passover fell on a weekly Sabbath, the skin was removed down to the breast only. The abdomen was then cut open, and fatty portions intended for the alter were taken out, placed in a vessel, salted, and offered by the priest on the alter, while the remaining entrails likewise were taken out and cleansed.” (Jewish Encyclopedia article 11934)

If the Passover fell on the weekly Sabbath, the paschal lamb was killed in the manner described above, but one hour earlier. The blood sprinkled on the alter, the entrails removed and cleansed, and the fat offered on the alter; for these four ceremonies in the case of the paschal lamb, and these alone, were exempt from the prohibition against working on the sabbath. This regulation, that the Sabbath yielded the precedence to the Passover, was not definitely determined until the time of Hillel, who established it as a law and was in return elevated to the dignity of nasi by Bene Bathyra. (Pes. 68a). Notice, that Passover was more important than the weekly sabbath.
“There were three groups of laity. When it came to their turn the three groups would station themselves in the following passions in the Temple. The First group would position them selves on the mount of the Temple. The second group would station themselves between the Temple wall and the Temple hall. The third group would station themselves in the Temple court. There were two things that went on during this time. 1. While Passover lamb was being killed and prepared for them. 2. The Hallel would be read. The Hallel is the reading by the Levites from Psalms 113 to 118. This is the Jewish prayer of praise. Instruments of brass would also be playing during this time. By the reading of Psalm 113-118, this would be enough time for the Priest to kill the Passover Lamb and prepare for the people to take home and cook it the way they wish. Also during this time instruments of brass were played.”
If the Passover fell on the weekly Sabbath, the paschal lamb was killed in the manner described above, but one hour earlier. The blood sprinkled on the alter, the entrails removed and cleansed, and the fat offered on the alter; for these four ceremonies in the case of the paschal lamb, and these alone, were exempt from the prohibition against working on the sabbath. This regulation, that the Sabbath yielded the precedence to the Passover, was not definitely determined until the time of Hillel, who established it as a law and was in return elevated to the dignity of nasi by Bene Bathyra. (Pes. 68a). Notice, that Passover was more important than the weekly sabbath.
“There were three groups of laity. When it came to their turn the three groups would station themselves in the following passions in the Temple. The First group would position them selves on the mount of the Temple. The second group would station themselves between the Temple wall and the Temple hall. The third group would station themselves in the Temple court. There were two things that went on during this time. 1. While Passover lamb was being killed and prepared for them. 2. The Hallel would be read. The Hallel is the reading by the Levites from Psalms 113 to 118. This is the Jewish prayer of praise. Instruments of brass would also be playing during this time. By the reading of Psalm 113-118, this would be enough time for the Priest to kill the Passover Lamb and prepare for the people to take home and cook it the way they wish. Also during this time instruments of brass were played.”

The book of Malachi is to show you how far the priest hood had removed themselves from their God.

One of the best dates for Malachi is from 432 to 425 B.C. Malachi ended the line of prophets chosen by God to give His words to the priests and Levites. During this book, God stopped talking to the priesthood because they no longer followed God’s commandments and sacrifices. With this God opened a dialogue with the priests and Levites. God started with this, “a son honors his father, and a slave respects his master.” To you O priests, “Where is My honor, where is my respect.” “O priests who despise my name.” What the priests and Levites were doing they had been offering sacrifices that had been taken by robbery, they had offered lame and sick sacrifices on the alter. People had made a vow to give an unblemished male from the flock without defect. But instead they would give the lame and sick animals for the sacrifice. They would kept the best for themselves. God asks them, would your governor accept them? How would he look upon your sacrifices? Again God Said, you say, “My, how tiresome it is and you disdainfully sniff at it.” You have wearied Him with your words. 2:17 You are robbing me with your tithes and offerings. 3:7 God said, “You are cursed for robbing me.” 3:9 If you do not bring in the tithes and offerings into My house, “I will not open for you the windows of heaven and pour out for you a blessing until it overflows.” 3:10 “Your words are arrogant against Me,” says the Lord, yet you say, “It is vain to serve God, and what profit is it that we have kept his charge.” Response from the Lord God. For He has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither has He hidden His face from him; but when he cried to Him for help, He heard. “For behold the day is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant and every evil doer will be chaff; and the day that is coming, says the Lord of Hosts, “so that it will not leave them neither root or branch.” “But for you who fear My name the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings; and you shall go forth and skip about like calves from the stall.” Malachi 4:1

The printing press did not come into use until around 1500 AD. If Malachi was in the 430’s B.C., you have 1900 years. It was the job of the priest to give the word of God to the people. Instead of the priests being the mediator to God, God made the prophets the mediator between God and man.

MESSIAHThese are the Old Testament descriptors of the coming Messiah, Jesus. God wanted them to recognize Him when He came.

Dueteronomy 18:15 The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from their countryman, you shall listen to Him.
1. Then he said, Listen now, O house of David! Is it to slight a thing for you to try the patience of men, that you try the patience of God as well? “Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: a virgin will be with child and bar a son, and she will call His name Immanuel.”   2. Then the eyes of the blind will be opened, and the ears of the deaf will be unstopped Then the lame will leap like a deer,and the tongue of the dump will shout for joy. For the waters will break forth in the wilderness and streams in the Arabath.   3. I gave My back to those who strike Me, and My cheeks to those who pluck out the beard; I did not cover My face from humiliation and spitting.   4. Behold, My servant will prosper, He will be high and lifted up, and greatly exalted. Just as many were astonished at you, My people, so His appearance was marred more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men. Thus He will sprinkle many nations, Kings will shut there mouths on account of Him; for what had not been told them they will see, and what they had not heard they will understand.   5. Who has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? For He grew up before Him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of parched ground; He had no stately form or majesty that we should look upon Him, nor appearance that we should be attracted to Him. He was despised and for saken of men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and like one from whom men hide their face. He was despised, and we did not esteem Him. Surely our griefs He Himself bore, and our sorrows He carried; yet we ourselves esteem Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. But He was pierced through for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, all of us like sheep have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; but the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him.   6. By oppression and judgment He was taken away; and as for this generation, who considered that He was cut off of the land of the living, for the transgression of the people to whom the stroke was due? His grave was assigned with wicked men, yet He was with a rich man in His death, because He had done no violence, nor was there any deceit in His mouth. But the Lord was pleased, to crush Him putting Him to grief; if He would render Himself as a guilt offering, He will see His off spring, He will prolong His days, and the good pleasure of the Lord will prosper in His hand.   7. The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed Me to bring good news to the afflicted, He has sent me to bind up the broken hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and freedom to prisoners; to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn.   8. But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, to little to be among the clans of Judah, from you one will go forth for me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, from the days of eternity. Therefore, He will give up until the time when she who is in labor has born a child. Then the remainder of His brethren will return to the sons of Israel. And He will arise and shepherd His flock in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the Lord His God. And they will remain, because at that time He will be great to the ends of the earth.    9. My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken Me? Far from My deliverance are the words of My groaning.   10. Psalm 22:6-8 But I am a worm, and not a man,a reproach of men, and despised by the people. All those who see me sneer at me; they separate with the lip, they wag the head, saying, commit yourself to the Lord; let Him deliver Him, let Him rescue Him, because He delights in Him.   11. Psalm 22:9-10 Yet thou art He who didst bring me forth from the womb; thou didst make me trust when upon my mother’s breasts. Upon Thee I was cast from birth; Thou hast been my God from my mother’s womb.   12. Psalm 22:11-15 Be not far from me, for trouble is near; for there is none to help. Many bulls have surrounded me; strong bulls of Bashan have encircled me. They open their mouth at me, as a ravening lion. I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint; my heart is like wax; it is melted within me. My strength is dried up like potsherd, and my tongue cleaves to my jaws; and thou dost lay me in the dust of death.   13. Psalm 22:16-18 For dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil doers has encompassed me; they have pierced my hands and feet. I can count all my bones, they look, they stare at me; they divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.   14. Psalm 34:19-20 Many are the afflictions of the righteous; but the Lord delivers him out of them all. He keeps all his bones; and none of them is broken.   15. Psalm 110:4 Teh Lord has sworn and will not change His mind, Thou art a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.   16. Zechariah 9:9-10 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold your King is coming to you; He is just endowed with salvation , humble, mounted on a donkey, even a colt, the foal of a donkey. And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem; and the bow of war will be cut off. And He will speak peace to the nations; and His dominion will be from sea to sea, from the River to the ends of the earth.   17. Zechariah 11:12-13 And I said to them, “if it is good in your sight, give Me my wages; but if not, never mind! So they weighed out thirty schekels of silver as my wages.Then the Lord said to me, throw it to the potter, that magnificent price at which I was valued by them”. So I took the thirty shekels of silver and threw them to the potter in the house of the Lord.   18. Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour out on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for the only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him, like the bitter weeping over the first a first born.

1. Isaiah 7:13-14 2. Isaiah 35:5-6 3. Isaiah 50:6 4. Isaiah 52:13-15 5. Isaiah 53:1-6 6. Isaiah 53:8-10 7. Isaiah 61:1-2 8. Micah 5:2-4 9. Psalm 1:1-2 10. Psalm 22:6-8 11. Psalm 22:9-10 12. Psalm 22:11-15 13. Psalm 22:16-18 14. Psalm 34:19-20 15. Psalm 110:4 16. Zechariah 9:9-10 17. Zechariah 11:12-13 18. Zechariah 12:10

Isaiah 52:14 Just as many were astonished at you, My people, so His appearance was marred more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men.

Jesus our Passover Lamb and Trial

1. Matt 26:47-48 After being taken into custody by the help of Judas and a great multitude from the chief Priests and elders of the people. Now he who was betraying Him gave them a sign, saying, “whom ever I kiss He is the one, seize Him.” 2. Luke 22:63-65 And when the men holding Jesus in custody were mocking Him, and beating Him. and they blind folded Him and were asking Him, saying, “prophesy, who is the one who hit you.” 3. John 18:13-14 Then they led Him to Annas first, the father of Caiaphas who was high priest that year. Now Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it was expedient for one man to die on behalf of the people. 4. Matthew 26:59-67 Now the chief priests and the whole Council kept trying to obtain false testimony against Jesus, in order that they might put Him to death; and they did not find any, even though many false witnesses came forward. One witness said, this man stated, “I am able to destroy the temple of God and to rebuild it in three days.” And the high priest stood up and said to Him, Do you make no answer? What is it that these men are testifying against you? But Jesus kept silent. And the high priest said to Him, “I adjure You by the living God, that You tell us whether You are the Christ, the Son of God.” Jesus said to him, “you have said it yourself; nevertheless I tell you, hereafter you shall see the” SON OF MAN SITTING AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER, AND COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF HEAVEN.” Then the high priest tore his robes, saying “He has blasphemed! What further need do we have of witnesses? Behold, you have now heard the blasphemy; what do you think? They answered and said, “He is deserving of death!” Then he spat in His face and beat Him with their fists, and others slapped HIm, and said, “Prophesy to us you Christ; who is the one who hit you?” 5. Matt 27:11-14 After this they took Him to Pilate. Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor questioned Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And Jesus said to him, “It is as you say”. And while He was being accused by the chief priests and the elders, He made no answer. Then Pilate said to Him, Do you not hear how many things they testify against You? And He did not answer him with regard to even a single charge, so that the governor was quite amazed. 6. John 19:4-6 And Pilate came out again , and said to them, Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no guilt in Him. Jesus therefore came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, Behold the man! When therefore the chief priests and the officers saw HIm, they cried out, saying, “Crucify, crucify!” Pilate said to them, Take Him yourselves, and crucily Him, for I find no guilt in Him. 7. John 19:1-3 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scouged Him, and the soldiers wove a crown of thorns and put it on His head; and arrayed Him in a purple robe; and they began to come up to Him, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And gave Him blows to the face. (It was a custom of the Romans, that when one is scourged it meant that there would be about 39 lashes from some kind of whip, or Flail, leather, a rope with strands that were knotted on the ends, causing much damage to the back of the one being whipped, with much blood lose and be in a very weakened condition.) 8. Jn 19:33-34 That is the reason they found a man from Cyrene named Simon, whom they pressed into service to bear Jesus’s cross. 9. Mark 15:19-24 But coming to Jesus, when they saw that is was already dead, they did not break His legs; but one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear. and out came water and blood. 10. 20:27 The last thing they did was to nail His palms of His hands and feet to the cross member and His feet to the foot pad. This was the Roman custom of they afixed the condemned person to the cross. Though the scripture does not tell us that He was nailed to the cross, Jesus Himself said to Thomas, “Reach here your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand, and put it into My side; and be not unbelieving, but believing.”
1. Matthew 26:47-48 2. Luke 22:63-65 3. John 18:13-14 4. Matthew 26:59-68 5. Matthew 27:11-14 6. John 19:1-3 7. Matthew27:32 8. John 19:34 9. Mark 15:19-24 10. John 20:27

Isaiah 52:14 Just as many were astonished at you, My people, so His appearance was marred more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men.

How do we know that Jesus is in the line of David. This is the Jewish linage of Jesus and traces Jesus back through David to God Himself.

This is the genealogy of Mary, mother of Jesus. Joseph, Eli, Mattal, Levi, Melchi, Jannai, Joseph, Mattathias, Amos, Nahum, Hesli, Naggai, Maath, Mattathias, Senein, Josech, Joda, Joanan, Rhesa, Zerubbabel, Shealtiel, Neri, Meicchi, Addi, Cosen, Elmadam, Er, Joshua, Eliezer, Joram, Matthal, Levi, Simeon, Judah, Joseph, Jonam, Eliakim, Melea,Menne, Mattatha, Nathan, King David, Jesse, Obed, Boaz, Salmon, Hashon, Amminadab, Admin, Ram, Hezron, Perez, Judel, Jacob, Issaac,Abraham, Terah, Nahor, Seriug, Reu, Peleg, Heber, Shelah, Cainan, Arphaxad, Shem, Noah, Lamech, Methuselah, Enoch, Jared, Mahalaleel, Cainan, Enosh, Seth, Adam, God made Adam from the dust of the earth, the first man. Matthew 1:1-17
See how the bible, through the old Testament the number of scriptures that pointed to Messiah coming. What was talked about in the Old Testament, Messiah, is revealed in the New Testament in the form of a man Jesus Christ, Son of God, the Savior of the world. What a savior. We should thank God that He is all inclusive to all people. To those that believe in His Son will be with Christ in God’s Heavenly Kingdom. Where there will be no need for Sun or Moon, because He, being the light of the world is the light of all those who take Him as their Savior.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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